The Redevelopment of JakartaDesign For Living
Jakarta is not only the capital of Indonesia, but also the center of government, economic activity, trade, banking services and the main gateway for foreign tourists.
To be able to fulfill all these different roles, Jakarta is required to constantly transform in order to overcome the problems and challenges the city faces, especially regarding its spatial layout, which is one of the biggest issues that needs to be addressed and redeveloped.
Regarding this issue, the Jakarta Property Institute (JPI) aims to collaborate with the city’s government to solve these problems and make the city more livable as well as promote its sustainable growth, in accordance with the organization’s mission. Wendy Haryanto, Executive Director of Jakarta Property Institute, spoke to NOW! Jakarta to offer more insights.
What kind of concept have you offered to the government to redevelop Jakarta?
We’re trying have discussions about the Public Private Partnership to redevelop kampongs or slum dwelling areas in Jakarta. The city’s government Pemprov DKI doesn’t evict the settlements but instead opts for shifting and will build temporary shelters for the dwellers during the redevelopment process. We understand their issues regarding the sense of community. What we offer to the government instead are vertical settlements from the previous horizontal lands that are middle-level apartments, instead of rumah susun (flats). If someday the owner wants to sell it or change it into the non right-to-build title residence, the value is higher than rumah susun.
How do you plan to address the problem that the dwellers will lose their economic ties to their surroundings when they are moved?
First, we have to work hand in hand with the government and find out how many people get their basic income from their surrounding areas. The government has to make sure that they will be relocated in the same area so they will not lose their source of income. Additionally, building a vertical residence from horizontal means that there’s still enough space to provide places of business and others facilities like parks or extra buildings for the 0% down payment program. But to realize the concept fast, it needs cooperation with private companies and developers.
Besides that, is there an alternative way?
Based on Pemprov DKI data, Jakarta still lacks 300,000 houses for its citizens. At the same time, there are many developers in the city that have not fulfilled their obligations or complied to the rules and regulations, which means that Pemprov DKI can divert the land and use it for horizontal residences.
East Jakarta is still underdeveloped, what’s your opinion about that?
On average, East Jakarta is the most dense and the second poorest area after Kepulauan Seribu and also has the most improper infrastructure in Jakarta. People prefer living in the South and North of the city, while the areas that are in most need of better infrastructure and developments are in the East and West. One of the reasons why many people are not interested to develop and invest in East Jakarta is low interest and low purchasing power from the local residents, as well as a lack of proper infrastructure.
Starting in 2020, the longest MRT line will go from East to West Jakarta. Once the MRT is running, the areas along the line will hopefully also improve and develop. The city government is already paying attention to the area, and I think within the next five years, East Jakarta will have a much higher value, and more people will move to the area. This is actually how Singapore was able to move its citizens from a dense area to less populated ones, by building more facilities, including MRT lines.
What ideas do you have to make Jakarta more lively?
We are basically promoting out-of-the-box ideas. Many Jakartans don’t know much about their city, they tend to stay in their area and don’t experience much of the rest. We try to create a “jogging-pedestrian path”, where local people and tourists can explore the historical places in Jakarta along the 42-kilometer marathon tracks, from Gelora Bung Karno to Sunda Kelapa. It can probably be one of the ways to develop Jakarta that makes people want to explore different sides of the city and learn more about the places they usually only pass by.
This article is originally from paper. Read NOW!Jakarta Magazine March 2018 issue “Design for Living”. Available at selected bookstore or SUBSCRIBE here.