Celebration |

Four Historical Sites to Commemorate Youth Pledge in Jakarta

Celebration | 26 October 2021

Indonesian youth play a big role in the history of the birth and formation of the Indonesia. Starting in 1908, the Indonesian people began to have the awareness to unite against the invaders. In various regions, Indonesian youth began to form associations and oppose the invaders. Then in 1928, the sense of Indonesian nationality and Indonesian unity began to reflect a sense of pride, a sense of having high aspirations for an independent Indonesia.

Until now, youth have always taken part in the movement to maintain the independence and integrity of the nation. Youth of Indonesia have a special day to commemorate Youth Pledge Day, refers to the youth’s pledge made at the Second Youth Congress in Jakarta, 28 October 1928. On that day, Indonesian youths vowed to have one homeland, one nation, and one language: Indonesia.

There are four historical sites in Jakarta to know about Youth Pledge Day you can visit to just understand and commemorate the historic day.

We, the sons and daughters of Indonesia, acknowledge one motherland, the motherland of Indonesia.

We, the sons and daughters of Indonesia, acknowledge one nation, the nation of Indonesia.

We, the sons and daughters of Indonesia, respect the language of unity, the Indonesian language.”

 

Vrijmetselaar Building (Headquarter Office of Kimia Farma)

The Youth Pledge pronounced on 28 October 1928 on the day of the Second Youth Congress was actually a sequel to the First Youth Congress (30 April to 2 May 1926), a continuation of the meeting at the Lux Orientis Hotel, Batavia on 15 November 1925.

The First Youth Congress was held in this building which also has its own history. The building, which is located on Jalan Budi Utomo No. 1, Central Jakarta, was originally built in 1848 as a meeting place for members of the Freemasons (Vrijmetselaar), a movement that has been an accomplice to Zionism since the 18th century in Indonesia.

This gathering place is called De Ster in het Oosten or Star in the East. Locals call it the House of Satan, because visitors keep secret what they say and do in the building, which is decorated with porticus and pilasters in doric style.

The Freemasons at that time made the magnificent building with six sturdy pillars supporting it as a house of worship called a lodge or lodge. At certain times, Freemasons often hold a ceremony by burning candles and wearing strange clothes similar to Halloween clothes.

In that building they held a ritual of worshiping symbols that symbolized the highest ideals and thoughts of humans. In fact, some of its activities are summoning spirits or jinn and demons.

After Indonesia's independence, the building was later taken over and becomes the headquarter office of a leading pharmacy company, Kimia Farma.

 

Katholieke Jongenlingen Bond Building (Santa Ursula area)

More than two years after the First Youth Congress, the youth convened the Second Youth Congress. The first session of the Second Youth Congress, 27 October 1928 was held in this building, Katholieke Jongenlingen Bond, Waterlooplein (now famous as Lapangan Banteng).

The congress was attended by participants from the Indonesian Student Association (PPPI), Jong Java, Jong Sumatranen Bond, Jong Bataks Bond, Jong Islamieten Bond, Indonesian Youth, Jong Celebes, Jong Ambon, Katholikee Jongelingen Bond, Betawi Youth, Sekar Rukun and other. Also attending were several representatives of the Chinese youth in Indonesia, such as Oey Kay Siang, John Lauw Tjoan Hok, and Tjio Djien Kwie.

 

At this inaugural session, the Chairman of the Congress, Soegondo Djojopuspito, explained at length the history of the National Movement, from Budi Utomo to Jongs from all over the Dutch East Indies region, followed by remarks by Moehammad Yamin about the meaning and relationship of unity with youth.

 

The location of this building is in the Santa Ursula area in Banteng Square, the building is still original with only a few modifications.

Oost-Java Bioscoop (Jalan Medan Merdeka Utara)

 

The next day, on Sunday, 28 October 1928, the meeting continued and the youth gathered at this building. Unfortunately, this building no longer exists. In the past, the location of this building was on Jalan Merdeka Utara, not far from the Istana Negara (State Palace) and Supreme Court (Mahkamah Agung).

 

In the second meeting which was filled by two speakers, namely Poernomowoelan and Sarmidi Mangoensarkoro, the youth discussed education. The two speakers at the meeting agreed that every Indonesian child and youth must receive national education, be educated democratically, and be balanced between education at school and at home.

 

Youth Pledge Museum (Museum Sumpah Pemuda)

 

From Oost-Java Bioscoop, the congress participants moved to a house in Jalan Kramat Raya No. 106 as a venue for the Second Youth Congress, now renowned as Museum Sumpah Pemuda.

 

The house that became the headquarters of the Indonesische Clubgebouw (IC) was actually a boarding house owned by Sie Kong Liang, where movement figures such as A.K. Gani and Mohammad Yamin boarding house.

 

It was at this location that the Youth Pledge was pronounced and Wage Rudolf. Supratman sang the national anthem “Indonesia Raya” with his violin. The song Indonesia Raya was also sung for the first time by Dolly Salim, who is none other than the daughter of Haji Agus Salim.