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Stay at Home As Much as We Can. The Stake of Jakarta’s Partial Lockdown in September

NEWS | 16 September 2020
The significant surge of Indonesia’s Covid-19 case during August led to the decision to impose another large-scale social restriction in Jakarta as hospitals in the capital city are in the threshold of its maximum capacity. Unsplash/NOW!JAKARTA

Starting on Monday, 14 September, Jakarta is under the partial lockdown as the large-scale social restriction is reimposed within two weeks after the front line signaled the urge to control public mobility as the hospitals have seen the significant surge of new Covid-19 patients reported daily during August to early of this month. 

A week prior, Jakarta Governor Anis Baswedan announced that the capital city looks forward to the reimplementation of large-scale social restriction as the city received a report that  Jakarta’s hospitals are in the threshold of its maximum capacity in anticipation of a shortage of hospital beds. The lack of medical infrastructure in Indonesia has made the doctors, as well as medical works, started to see the overwhelming situation in the front line with the increasing number of patients coming to the hospitals who need intensive care for the contagious diseases. 

Through the gubernatorial decree, the city officially rolls back the transitional measures that have been putting in place for the last few weeks as the summer spike reached the emergency level with an average of 2,000 to 3,000 confirmed new cases reported daily. In the third week of September, the number of new Covid-cases keeps rising with the fatality rate almost reached 10,000 with the total of 9,100 casualties reported on the third day of PSBB Jilid II (16/9). 

In three days in a row, Indonesia recorded an increasing number of confirmed cases with details 3,141, 3,507, 3,963 new cases. Wisma Atlet, the emergency hospital for the Covid-19 care in Jakarta lit up all the lighting from the room before the social restriction is reimplemented to show the solidarity and commitment to help Covid-19 patients even though the hospital also expects to reach its maximum capacity on 17 September if the number of patients continuously increase. Previously, epidemiologists and experts suggested that Indonesia, especially Jakarta needs at least three weeks long of stricter restriction until it needs to be review. 


Amid the pro and contra among the general public, Jakarta which is currently the epicenter of the Covid-19 has taken a serious step to contain the transmission in the city as Jakarta’s Governor Anis Baswedan stated “Tarik rem darurat (pulling emergency brake) during a virtual briefing on 9 September.  

The unprecedented announcement earned multiple responses from the general public and central government who agree and disagree with the decision from Jakarta city government. Everyone seems not prepared during this dire time facing the pandemic that everyone doesn’t know when it will ends. Indonesia stock market (IHSG) was corrected with the plunging price after the announcement occurred. The lack of coordination with the central government also disrupted the nation as a lot of people expect the kick-start on recovering the domestic economy in the third quarter of 2020. 

From a public perspective, many communities have found struggle during the 6 months of the pandemic knowing that many of them have been in the survival mode to save themselves from financial burden, among others can’t afford for another large-scale social restriction these days. Of course, the situation is very different from the PSBB in April as Indonesian citizens still have the ability to survive by using all resources available before the pandemic. 

Today, many citizens are already in a struggle to survive by doing side businesses to keep living amid the pandemic. On Social media, many people who have been enforcing the protocols for themselves started to feel pessimistic seeing people who have been acting that they forget living amidst the pandemic during the transitional period, issuing the lack of solidarity among the member of communities to question “are we in this together?”. Some people also felt useless about the commitment that they have done to help mitigate the virus through month after month isolation while many have no empathy for those who have done the best they can to contain the virus from spreading.

So, What does it mean to come back to the stricter restriction? With the hed immunity is not yet available, the way we control the pandemic remains the save. While most provisions of the large-scale social restriction in Jakarta is likely to remain the same, the city government also introduces some minor adjustments to find a solution towards the dilemma in protecting lives and saving the economy from shrinking. Here is What you need to know about PSBB Jilid II:

Restriction on access to public facilities, and events

Employees are suggested to continue to work from home (WFH) and the company only allows to maintain its staffers up to 25 per cent of its maximum Students will continue to learn from home as schools remain closed due to the pandemic. Access to other public spaces, such as state-owned and privately owned entertainment venues, public parks, gyms, and museums will also continue to be restricted.

All public celebrations, such as wedding receptions, would be strictly forbidden. All entertainment venues and city parks would be closed off again and no gathering of more than five people. In the latest update, large-scale places of worship are not allowed to operate, and that smaller houses of worships at the neighborhood or community level may remain open so long as strict health protocols are observed.

Limitation on Public Mobility

Public transportation services will limit passenger numbers to 50 per cent of their normal capacity and restrict operational hours from 6AM to 6PM. Private vehicles will still be allowed to pass through Jakarta's streets, as well as in and out of the capital, albeit with a limited number of passengers in each vehicle.

App-based motorcycle taxis are also not allowed to transport passengers, although they are still permitted to transport goods. Gatherings of more than five people will also be prohibited to minimise the risk of coronavirus transmission. 

Essential Businesses Remain Fully Operate

A total of 11 industry sectors that provide essential products and services will remain fully operational to cater to the everyday needs of the public amid health emergencies.  These include companies and organizations in the sectors of health, food/stocks, energy, communications and information technology, finance, delivery/logistics, hotels, construction, strategic industry, grocery and minimarket (retailers), as well as strategic sectors in the capital.

In addition, the company and organisation must comply with established mitigation procedures including the restaurants that are suggested to provide take out and delivery service, as well as NGOs that manage relief funds for the Covid-19 crisis.